Describe How To Create And Use Interceptors In Angular

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Describe how to create and use interceptors in Angular:

1: What are interceptors?

  1. Interceptors are a mechanism in Angular that allows us to intercept and manipulate HTTP requests and responses.
  2. They can be used to perform common tasks such as adding headers, logging, error handling, etc.

2: Creating an interceptor

  1. To create an interceptor, we need to implement the HttpInterceptor interface.
  2. This interface provides two methods: intercept() and handle().

3:The intercept() method

  1. The intercept() method is responsible for intercepting the HTTP requests and adding any necessary headers, or performing other operations.
  2. It takes two parameters: req, which represents the original request, and next, which is an instance of the HttpHandler class.
  3. The intercept() method needs to return an Observable of the HttpRequest or an HttpEvent.

4:The handle() method

  1. The handle() method is used to forward the request or response through the interceptor chain.
  2. It takes an instance of the HttpRequest class as a parameter and returns an Observable of the HttpEvent.

5:Registering the interceptor

  1. Once the interceptor is created, we need to register it in the application.
  2. We can do this by providing it in the HTTP_INTERCEPTORS token of the Angular’s dependency injection system.
  3. We can also specify the order in which the interceptors should be executed by providing a multi-provider with a specific providedIn value.

6:Using interceptors

  1. Once the interceptor is registered, it will be automatically applied to all HTTP requests and responses.
  2. The interceptors can be used to modify the requests or responses as needed.
  3. For example, adding a token to the request headers or handling authentication errors.

7:Multiple interceptors

  1. Angular allows us to have multiple interceptors in the application.
  2. The order of execution of the interceptors can be controlled by specifying the order in which they are registered.
  3. The interceptors will be executed in the order of their registration.

8:Advanced usage

  1. Interceptors can also be used for other advanced purposes like caching, request throttling, etc.
  2. We can leverage interceptors to implement complex logic and enhance the application’s performance and functionality.


  • Intercepters in Angular provide a powerful mechanism to intercept and manipulate HTTP requests and responses.
  • We can create interceptors, register them in the application, and use them to modify requests or responses as needed.

Interceptors in Angular

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